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Public order, work of courts and prisons, rescue management

Will the police come to help me if I get sick, or if a member of my family gets sick?

Yes, the police will come to help you if your life, health or property is at risk. When calling the emergency number, you should let the first responders know if you, or any member of your family has been infected with the coronavirus, so that the police will know to take this into account.

Do police officers responding to an incident have the necessary protective equipment to prevent infection?

Police officers are provided with the necessary personal protective equipment: rubber gloves and protective masks, as well as disinfectants. When a police officer comes into contact with a person showing some signs of illness, the latter, i.e. the person with signs of illness, is given a protective mask to prevent the further spread of infection.

Does the rescue officer responding to an event have the necessary protective equipment to prevent infection?

Every rescue car has protective masks, rubber gloves and disinfectants. Vehicles and rescue equipment are being cleaned regularly. All rescuers have received instructions on how to avoid the risk of infection, how to act on the scene, and what tools to use.

Will the rescue service help me in an accident if I or a person close to me is infected?

If you are very seriously ill, please make sure to alert the alarm center by calling 112. In addition to the rescuers, an ambulance will also be sent to you. Aid is certainly guaranteed to all those in need of it.

How can I be sure that an official of the Estonian Rescue Board carrying out a home fire safety visit is not infected?

All hygiene rules and distance maintenance rules will be observed in the course of home counselling, and a person also always has the right to refuse home counselling.

What are the rules of procedure for courts?

The work of the courts is based on the principle that it would be safe to come to a courthouse.

Dispersion requirements apply in the courtroom, it is mandatory to use personal protective equipment and all who have fallen ill must stay at home.

If a party to the proceedings is ill, they have to provide this information, and then the judge shall decide how to proceed.

In the future, will the police get the right to enter my dwelling and remove me by force?

No, they will not.

Involuntary treatment has been mentioned in the law already in force but it can only take place in extraordinary cases and with the court's permission. The law foresees very strict limits for when a certain measure can be enacted against a person and this has only been used for treating tuberculosis patients.

In enacting each measure, its proportionality, expediency and purposefulness are evaluated. According to the Law Enforcement Act currently in force, a dwelling can be entered only if certain criteria are present (generally if there is a serious threat, and if someone's health and safety are in danger due to their helpless condition). Entering a dwelling is a measure of last resort and a dwelling can be examined only with prior permission of an administrative court.

What are the COVID-19 prevention measures in prisons? What rules must be followed at visitations? How to get information about the health of a loved one who is in prison?

Due to the high risk level of the spread of the coronavirus, the visitors coming to the prisons are subject to stricter requirements.

Coming to a short term visit that is separated by glass is allowed for a visitor who has:

  • completed the course of COVID-19 vaccination;
  • recovered from the coronavirus within the past six months;
  • or received a negative corona test result within 72 hours of the visit, from a test done by a health care service provider.

Unlike during the visits that are separated by glass, at visits without a glass and during long term visitations, the prisoner and the visitor come into physical contact, thus raising the infection risk at the prison. Due to that, long term visitations are allowed for a visitor who has:

  • completed the course of COVID-19 vaccination;
  • recovered from the coronavirus within the past six months;
  • or who presents the prison with a medical certificate proving that vaccination is not indicated for them due to health considerations. In that case, the visitor has to supplement this with a certificate proving a negative coronavirus test result from a test that has been administered by a health care service provider within 72 hours of the visitation.

Upon coming to a visit, in order to prove that she does not pose an infection risk, the visitor herself has to present the prison with a digital or printed out certificate proving vaccination, recovery, or a negative test result. Children under the age of 12 do not have to present a certificate.

The close ones of incarcerated persons can ask for information about registering for a visit:

  • from Tallinn Prison by calling 612 7539,
  • from Tartu Prison by calling 750 0839,
  • from Viru Prison by calling 663 7900.

In order to get information about a close one, we ask that the question be sent to the address of the relevant prison in a digitally signed form:

The close ones are given information on the condition that the prisoner has authorised this. After the prison has ascertained the identity of the asker and been given the prisoner's authorisation to share his or her health information with the close one, the prison will give an answer to the questions pertaining to the prisoner's health by the end of the next working day at the latest.

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Last updated: 18 August 2021