Everyone can contribute to limiting the spread of the coronavirus. The COVID-19 crisis can only be solved if every member of the society behaves responsibly. Think through how you can avoid getting yourself and others infected and do everything possible to keep from spreading the virus, should you get infected.
1. Meet with fewer people
The coronavirus spreads from person to person through a droplet infection. The larger the amount of people you meet with daily, the greater the risk of getting infected with the coronavirus.
That is why it is important to limit your contacts, in order to decrease the infection risk. If the society as a whole reduces the number of their contacts, we can get the virus under control.
Interact more over the Internet, call and use different digital means to keep in contact with people that are important and close to you. If you meet up with people that you are not in everyday physical contact with, use the precautions that might help to prevent the spread of the virus: meet with people outside, keep a distance, wear a mask when indoors, wash your hands before and after the meeting.
2. Help to protect the risk groups
Risk groups need to be protected with particular vigilance. COVID-19 might progress more severely for people over the age of 60 or those who have chronic conditions, as their organism and immunity might be weaker. Chronic conditions include, for instance, diabetes, heart failure, high blood pressure, tumours, chronic kidney and liver diseases, immune deficiency, asthma, and chronic lung conditions.
As a person might be infectious even 2 days before his COVID-19 symptoms occur and he becomes aware of being infected, you should use precautions that help to contain the spread of the infection when you meet a person who belongs in a risk group: meet them outside, keep a distance, wear a mask indoors, wash your hands before and after the meeting. If you feel sick, postpone the meeting. Talk to them online instead, or call them on the phone.
In care facilities, all possible preventive measures that would help to contain the spread of the virus need to be taken so that people in risk groups would be able to communicate.
3. Stay at home if you are sick
Stay at home the moment you feel sick, in order to prevent the spread of the infection, and take a corona test at first chance.
For that, contact your family doctor or call 1220. The main symptoms of COVID-19 are: headache, cough, fever, trouble breathing, sore throat, muscle pain, loss of the sense of taste, loss of the sense of smell, exhaustion, and weakness.
The state and your employer will compensate for your days spent sick at home starting from the second working day.
How to reduce the risk of getting infected in different places?
If you are living with a person infected with the coronavirus, you have to adhere to the rules set for close contacts. You can read more >> (PDF in Estonian). If possible, try to keep a distance with the infected person at home and avoid contact with them. Air the rooms out regularly and clean your hands and surfaces.
As your risk of getting infected is higher as a close contact, the risk of your spreading on the virus is also higher. Be especially careful as you carry out urgent errands outside the home.
If you need to stay at home longer due to getting infected or following isolation requirements, don’t forget to take care of your health. More information >>
If your health condition worsens notably while staying at home, turn to a doctor immediately, by calling your family doctor or 1220.
During the COVID-19 epidemic, the recommendation everywhere is to switch to distance work. If possible, change your working hours so that you could avoid crowded rush hour public transportation while commuting to work, and could work in shifts with your colleagues.
If you are at work, try to keep a distance with other people whenever possible, at meetings, break rooms, dining halls, and other common spaces.
It is recommended that employers prepare a distance work plan for the possibility that somebody at work gets infected with the coronavirus.
It is also recommended to cancel the kinds of social events at work that are attended by people who are not in everyday contact with each other.
At school and in kindergarten
It is important for the children that they can continue with their education and attend school or kindergarten. The important thing is to decrease their risk of getting infected. It is the task of the adults to explain the restrictions due to the coronavirus to the children. The children can also reduce the spread of the virus if they interact in smaller groups and take care of their hand hygiene. It is recommended that teachers keep a distance with other employees at the work place and wear a mask if possible.
In public places
As more people move around in public places, the risk that a person carrying the coronavirus is also there increases. It is necessary to be especially cautious indoors where the virus spreads faster than outside.
In public places, keep a distance with others. If possible, avoid visiting these places at the times of day when there are more people there. Don’t linger in public indoor places for too long. Wear a mask and wash your hands before and after going to a public place.
Try to go to the store less and think through your purchases beforehand. Visit the store alone and follow the guidelines of the establishment. Follow the instructions of the service provider when using public transportation as well. It is safer to order the food to go from catering establishments.
Use electronic channels and the state’s e-services as much as possible for errands.
When doing sports
Doing sports is good for both physical and mental health but try to find a safe way, so that you could reduce the risk of coronavirus infection when doing sports. Prefer doing sports outdoors where you come into less contact with other people. Follow the instructions given at indoor places. Keep a distance with other people and wear a mask in the locker rooms and lobbies of sports clubs.
In informal education
Continuous education is important all throughout one’s life. It is essential to organise informal education in a way that would reduce the risk of coronavirus infection.
Get your information from trustworthy sources
There is a lot of different information being spread in the social media about the coronavirus. Follow the official information channels of the state to get trustworthy information.
Keep up to date about the restrictions in force in the country by reading the kriis.ee web page. If you have questions about the COVID-19 emergency situation, you can get help from the information line of the state, 1247.
Information on the vaccination can be found on the web page vaktsineeri.ee, or you can consult with your family doctor. For health concerns, call the family doctor help line, 1220.
If you are travelling abroad or returning from there, you can get information from the web page of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs. Download the mobile application Reisi Targalt or, in an emergency situation, call the phone number of consular assistance, +372 5301 9999