Prevention of the coronavirus

Vaccination is the best protection as it protects against severe consequences of the illness and significantly reduces the risk of infection. It is also important to wash your hands often, avoid touching your nose and mouth, and remind your children to do the same. Keep your distance and wear a mask in public places.
Restrictions in force

In order to avoid the spread of the virus and getting infected, to protect the life and health of the people and to ensure the functioning of the society, it is necessary to follow the enacted restrictions and guidelines.

Restrictions in force
The meters of risk level

The main meters are the number on people infected with COVID-19 and the number of people hospitalised. The Government reviews the risk level once a week.

Instructions for how to behave at different risk levels

The best way to stop the virus from spreading is through vaccination

    • Vaccination is probably the only viable solution to return to a normal way of life. Vaccination protects against serious symptoms and significantly reduces the risk of infection.
    • Every vaccinated person counts – this way, we protect the weakest who cannot get vaccinated due to their health condition. They can be our parents, children, friends, acquaintances, or just passers-by on the street. Getting vaccinated shows that you care.
    • A vaccinated person is four times less likely to be infected with the coronavirus than an unvaccinated person.
    • All vaccines available in Estonia reduce the likelihood of severe illness and hospitalisation: an unvaccinated person is significantly more likely to have serious symptoms if they become infected with COVID.
    • People who are vaccinated have less restrictions and can enjoy a more comfortable life: once you have completed the vaccination course, you can use the EU digital certificate to attend events and go to cultural institutions, restaurants, sports clubs, and other places where restrictions apply.


    • As travel opportunities are still limited and the spread of the virus varies from country to country, the need for travel should be carefully considered. This is especially true for those in risk groups for the coronavirus.
    • When travelling, keep in mind that different countries may have different restrictions. You can find more information on the website
    • If you are travelling by plane, take into account that all those arriving in Estonia by plane must fill in the cross-border traveller’s declaration and be ready to present it when boarding the plane.
    • If you have not been vaccinated against COVID-19 or recovered from it, you may need to self-isolate when you return to Estonia. You can find a list of countries which are subject to the self-isolation requirement on the website of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs.
    • You can shorten the isolation period by taking two coronavirus tests: the first before or immediately after arriving in Estonia and the second not earlier than on the sixth day after the first test. The result of both tests must be negative. In this case, you must be self-isolate until the result of the second test is known.

    Risk groups

    • The coronavirus risk group includes the elderly and people with chronic diseases.
    • If you are part of the risk group of the virus, carefully consider attending public events and, if possible, avoid events where it is not possible to keep a sufficient distance from other people.
    • Avoid public transport where possible and try to go shopping only when the stores are less crowded.

    Why do risk groups need more protection?

    • COVID-19 can be more severe in people over the age of 60 or in people with chronic diseases as their body and immune system may be weaker.
    • Examples of chronic diseases are diabetes, heart failure, high blood pressure, tumours, chronic kidney and liver disease, immunodeficiency, asthma, and chronic lung disease.
    • The coronavirus spreads from person to person mainly through droplets while coming into close contact with an infected person. Therefore, close contact with the elderly and people with chronic illnesses should be avoided as much as possible

    How to protect risk groups?

    • Before meeting a person at risk, make sure you are safe from infection and ensure safety when meeting them: wear a mask, keep your distance, and clean your hands and surfaces.
    • It is also not advisable to take healthy children into the care of grandparents because if they fall ill, your grandparents will be at high risk.
    • Social welfare institutions must ensure safe opportunities for contact and non-contact communication for people belonging to the risk group.
    • Residents of nursing homes should not be transferred between different homes.
    • Where possible, home-based services provided for the elderly by the local government of residence should be preferred to placement in a nursing home.

    Last updated: 10.11.2021