Personal protection, masks, and surroundings

To avoid contracting the coronavirus, it is important to wash your hands with soap and warm water, wear a mask in a way that provides maximum protection against the virus, change the mask regularly, and wash homemade masks after each use in 60-degree water. Public areas must be regularly ventilated and surfaces disinfected.
Restrictions in force

In order to avoid the spread of the virus and getting infected, to protect the life and health of the people and to ensure the functioning of the society, it is necessary to follow the enacted restrictions and guidelines.

Restrictions in force
The meters of risk level

The main meters are the number on people infected with COVID-19 and the number of people hospitalised. The Government reviews the risk level once a week.

Instructions for how to behave at different risk levels

What is important to know about masks?

  • Masks alone do not protect you from contracting the coronavirus. All other preventive measures must be followed when wearing a mask.
  • The mask must cover both the mouth and nose. If the mask has a wire, it is at the top of the mask. The wire should sit tight around the nose. The bottom of the mask should fit under the chin.
  • The mask must not be damp. A damp mask must be replaced.
  • The protective masks sold in pharmacies can be worn for a maximum of three hours. After that, it is recommended to replace the mask, as its surface may transmit the virus.
  • If you have removed the mask for a while or repeatedly adjusted and touched it with your hands, you must change the mask.
  • Used masks must be thrown in a trashcan with a lid or placed in a closed plastic bag. Never leave your used mask in a public place where others can touch it.
  • Cloth masks must have multiple layers and be replaced every 2–3 hours because the material of the homemade mask gets damp quickly. Cloth masks must be washed at least 60 degrees after each use.
  • Used cloth masks must be kept in a closed plastic bag or box. Never leave your masks in a public place where others can touch them.

What is important to know about washing your hands?

Washing your hands regularly with soap and water is very important to prevent the virus from spreading and avoid contracting the virus. You must wash your hands:

  • before starting work;
  • before handling heat-treated or ready-made food;
  • before and after using public transport;
  • after cleaning;
  • after handling waste;
  • after handling or preparing food which was not heat-treated;
  • after cleaning;
  • after using the toilet;
  • after blowing your nose, sneezing, or coughing;
  • after eating, drinking, or smoking;
  • after shaking hands with strangers;
  • after touching cash;
  • after exposure to the external environment (outdoor, stores, workplace, public transport, etc.) and everyday activities.

What do pet owners need to know about the coronavirus?

There is no evidence that pets or other domestic animals can become infected with the coronavirus and infect humans.

Although the coronavirus is spread from person to person, basic hygiene must be observed near animals. In this way, you can protect yourself against bacteria that can be transmitted from animal to human (E. coli, salmonella). Wash your hands with soap and warm water after touching animals.

If you work with live animals or handle animal products:

  • wear special work clothes and gloves;
  • disinfect your tools and workplace at least once a day;
  • after finishing work, take off your protective clothing and wash it.
  • It is recommended that all work clothes, tools, and protective clothing be kept and washed at the workplace.

What should be considered regarding the spread of the coronavirus in rooms with general ventilation?

  • The coronavirus does not spread through the ventilation system, but through close contact with a person who has signs of infection (especially cough) and their bodily fluids.
  • When a person infected with the coronavirus coughs, sneezes, or talks, droplets containing the virus are released into the air. They are quite heavy and therefore do not travel very far in the air. Based on current data, the virus droplets can travel up to two metres.
  • Due to the weight of the droplets, it is unlikely that they will travel by airflow from the surfaces.
  • How long the viral droplets remain infectious on surfaces depends on the ambient air temperature and average humidity. At room temperature (22–25 degrees) and 40% relative humidity, the virus droplets remain infectious for up to four to five days. The higher the temperature and the higher the relative humidity, the faster the virus is destroyed.
  • In offices, commercial areas, and other rooms with general ventilation where windows cannot be opened, all surfaces (including walls which people touch) must be cleaned regularly.
  • We recommend using antimicrobial solutions (biocides) to destroy the coronavirus droplets on the surface. One of the most common of these is ethanol. A solution containing 70% ethanol is sufficient to clean the surfaces of coronavirus droplets.

How to prevent the spread of the virus in apartment buildings?

  • The Health Board recommends regularly disinfecting door handles, stair handles, elevator buttons, etc. in apartment buildings.
  • Viruses are killed by a disinfectant with an ethanol content of more than 70%. Staircases should be cleaned with clean water and an absorbent cloth, as dusting will not destroy the virus.
  • When cleaning, use disposable gloves and easy-to-clean work clothes and shoes to protect yourself from the chemicals used and contaminated surfaces.
  • If possible, apartment associations could install hand disinfection stations at entrances and lifts. However, you must not forget to wash your hands thoroughly after you arrive home.

Last updated: 10.11.2021